June film flybys


library dvd
42 Up (1998)

I find this series gets more and more moving as we get closer and closer to my age. I'm curious to see how I feel in the next film, as they shoot past me.

For simplicity's sake, let me talk about just two of the characters. First, Bruce, whom is the person I have come to most admire over the course of the film. His integrity and values seem worth aspring to.

And Neil, who started off as perhaps the most charming of the children only to turn into dark Michael Cera as a teen, then, through his twenties and thirties, troubled and homeless. He's still broken at 42 but he's successfully run for his local council and his life has purpose and direction.

It's a starting discovery to learn that Bruce and Neil have connected. And years ago! After 28 Up, in fact, and that Bruce has been Neil's friend in London all this while. It would be difficult not to draw the conclusion that Bruce's goodness and stability have not been a significant element of Neil's gradual . . . redemption might not be the right word, but at least his return to something akin to stability.

library dvd
Princess Mononoke (1997)

I've written about my history with this movie before, but tonight I think is the first time I've genuinely loved it. It's absolutely stunning and thought-provoking and perplexing and moving and unsettling and wonderful.

This is a movie that absolutely refuses to give us what we want. And we are all the better for it. Like a good parent.

Anyway, it's sitting with me. It's a movie, the experience of which, lasts much longer than the viewing of it. We need those.

library dvd
49 Up (2005)

So . . . now that they're older than me, they seem really old. Even though they aren't that much older than me. They look old, most of them seem settled into the sins of boomerdom, et cetera.I believe this is the first time the three East End girls didn't get interviewed together.

Something I appreciated about this film was that they asked just about everyone what they thought about the films and being in them. And they almost universally agree that it's rough going through their past every seven years.

I regret that I'm rushing through a few of them this month as it gets to feel more repetitive and even a tad boring compared to more generous spacing. Keep that in mind for yourself.

Monster on the Campus (1958)

One of the classic posters! In fact, I've had one for over a decade on my classroom wall and now? I've finally seen it.

It is as deliciously terrible as you'd expect. And, like a lot of films of this sort, the climax is the only boring part of the movie.

The science is stupid—a coelecanth was preserved with gamma rays and sent to an American university where the peculiar qualities of this hulked-out prehistoric pisces's plasma turns the evolutionary clock backwards on anyone who gets it in their system.

Anyways, it's terrible by any reasonable measurement. And I had an excellent time watching it.

Killer of Sheep (1978)

A good example of an interesting film made on minimal budget. Sure, there's not much plot but the sense of time and space and community washes over you. The camera is used to great effect and the sound design is also pretty great (though the mix is often terrible).

Although I'm hesitant to say the movie is about anything, the title character works at a slaughterhouse and battles a terrible malaise that precludes him from sleeping, smiling, and his wife's seductions.

One thing that makes the movie work is the sheep slaughterhouse. It's heavily symbolic in the best way, in that it never tells you just what these images mean. And so their meaning evolves and doubles back and multiplies as the movie progresses. It's openended in the best way.

But between the slaughterhouse and the lack of plot—it really does feel like a movie for museums and not cinemas—I can't imagine successfully showing it to students outside an actual film course.

The Green Man (1956)

A delightfully madcap mindcentury murder-comedy. Not as good (at least in my memory) as, say, The Ladykillers, but it was fun and had some excellent moments.

The sexual aspects are curious. That the leading lady will leaver her boorish fiance for the much more suitable vacuum-cleaner salesman is hardlt a surprise, but the bounty of actual adultery (or, at least, adultery-in-planning) surprised me and the innocent, chopped toad-loveing girl delaying the inevitable with her aristocratic December was interesting to watch and wonder how it played to a contemporary audience.

library dvd
Godzilla vs. Kong (2021)

It's a bummer when you're hoping for another Kong movie and instead you get another Godzilla movie.

Yup. This is an extremely stupid movie. It's a bunch of plotholes strung together, some great actors trying to sell some terrible lines, labored efforts to make excuses to put children in danger, and constant absurdity.

It is also completely awesome. Just amazing. Kinda wish we'd stuck with our plan to make this our first trip back to theaters. It would have been overwhelming.

library dvd
Soylent Green (1973)

So I'm just going to assume you already know the twist. Because surely you know the twist. Right? Okay.

I do wish it were possible to see this movie without knowing, but I'm not sure just how shocking it could be. The reveal is postponed but then we discover as the main character finds the evidence. And he doesn't yell it running down the street, either. I always assumed it was futile, but definitely nothing is happening here.

I do like that it's a detective movie. Cross-genre is always fun. And I liked that they didn't try too hard to be futuristic. It's just 70s New York turned to 11. Besides the cordless police boxes and whatever he was taking notes on, the paraphernalia was mostly contemporary. Once we got used to it, that worked great.

My fears for the future no longer include overpopulation, but scary near-future scifi is still an important part of any healthy diet.

56 Up (2012)

Something about the introduction and editing and vibe of 56 Up made it feel the most modern by a sudden leap. I'm not sure why. People with more film education, please tell me.

I still suspect Michael Apted has particular fondness for Tony, but this time he moved him to the end. And he didn't share anything from his acting sideline which is surprising because Sue, who appears near the beginning of the film, mentions she is now acting after talking to Tony! So while I'm certain you can start at 56 and feel right at home, there are details only us longtime watchers can catch.

Among other interesting additions:

Our two rural kids, one from a farming background and one more wealthy, sat on the couch together.

The meta elements are becoming more pronounced as more of the participants reflect on the good and the bad of their participation.

John is finally comfortable enough with himself to explain his I'm-not-so-priveleged comments of the past films. His father died when he was young and his mother scrapped to put his education together. So for all his aristocratic background, he did know something about hard knocks.

In short, I'm convinced they are correct when I say we do not really know them. But each round, we get to know them a little better.

But it's true that we the audience can be a bit entitled. I'm a little bitter Andrew skipped out so long and I did not get to see his wife age. I'm a little embarrassed by this admition, but it's true. And I can be petty about other things too. How did plain Lynn and her weird-looking husband have two beautiful daughters, for instance. These are the questions we have as we skate over the countours of their lives.

It is kind of a rough deal, but I appreciate them taking this journey, even if it does end up being just for my amusement.

The General (1926)

Only two kids home. One suggests we watch Charlie Chaplin or Bill Keaton. (Bill? Is that right?) The other suggested The Matrix or The General. And so a compromise was reached, and quite easily.

This is, of course, an excellent movie. But it's Lost Cause leanings do feel strange today.

The story is true (roughly) and, allegedly, Keaton did not think audiences would accept the Union as the good guys so he made up a Confederate to be the hero. I don't know a good source for this, but I have my own assumption. I suspect it's basic comedy thinking. Keaton (and Chaplin and other silent clowns and many other fine comedians through history) tended to play people downtrodden. He's not just short, he's on the losing side. The Confederates will lose this war and so it makes comedic sense to make them the heros. The Union plays sort of a Keystone Cops role. They have the power, ergo they must be the buffoons It's also notable that the unenlisted (and unenlistable) Keaton character largely locks horns with Union officers. In other words, this is basic comedic imbalance of power with the hero on the bottom.

It's also worth mentioning that the only Union soldier we see killed a) is the primary antagonist who b) has just sniped three Confederates, and c) is killed by accident. We see more dead in gray than in blue.

And Keaton's character is entirely apolitical. (And this is a racially homogenous South. Which is . . . interesting.)

I'm not making excuses, but the trends of 1926 and the laws of comedy make it difficult to imagine the movie made any other way. Which is a shame, but I get it. In a hundred years, maybe, it might not matter.

Or Keaton may have judged wrongly. The movie didn't do great when it came out and it entered the public domain in 1954 because no one could see a reason to renew the copyright. It was also enormously expensive to make. In a way, The General may be the reason Keaton didn't get Chaplin's elongated career. Which is mindboggling today, but maybe we should choose to blame it on the Lost Cause not being as popular as Hollywood wisdom had it. Birth of a Nation was more than a decade earlier. How nice to image people were over. (It could also just be that people weren't ready for a Civil War comedy yet with a few veterans still at dinner tables. Or maybe the nearness of World War I made war comedy a bit bleh. Who can say)

Anyway, I love this movie. But to show it in school today would requite talking more about the failures of American politics and history than the film itself. Good thing Keaton made other wonderful movies.

Pirates of the Caribbean: Curse of the Black Pearl (2003)

This remains one of the greatest pieces of popular entertainment, one of the greatest adventure narratives of my lifetime. I was thinking what to compare it to and Star Wars popped into my mind. And then I began to realize they are the same movie.

Keira Knightley plays Princess Leia.

Orlando Bloom plays Luke Skywalker.

Geoffrey Rush plays the half-man / half-monster Darth Vader.

Johnny Depp, in a bit of stunt casting, plays both Obi-Wan and Han Solo.

In an interesting choice, R2-D2 and C-3PO are reproduced in both good guy and bad guy forms, though the pirate version is more like The Hidden Fortress characters than the robots were.

Anyway, it's a terrific movie and I love it (though I did notice some cheating on the pirates-can't-feel bit—uncomfortable splinters and a warm dress, for instance). The only complaint I have is that they kept making them. I suppose the second one was a fine movie, but it ends with one of the greatest betrayals to filmgoers in movie history.

Captain Barbossa's death is one of the most satisfying villain deaths ever shown on screen and bringing him back rendered that moment meaningless. Which I why I never watched movies 3 or 4 or 5. Screw them.

This is precendeted of course. Although I've watched four of the five Jurassic Park movies, none of then lived up to the masterpiece that is the first. (And based on their Tomato scores, I'm guessing 5 and 6 are not redemptive.

That said, the youngest son is thinking about watching them all. I may try to join him. There were bits I liked from #2. Maybe knowing the terrible ending ahead of time will make it more bearable.

Or maybe I'll just go in my room and watch something better.

our dvd
The Matrix (1999)

Speaking of the great popular entertainments of my lifetime!

Still holds up. And I don't remember ever being as moved by Trinity's emotional climax before.

Lots of little details in this movie really make it feel whole even though, sure, aspects of it are pretty silly. But Carrie-Anne Moss holding up her hand in two phonebooths to bookend the film? Marvelous.

library dvd
The Green Knight (2021)

Having just read this, I was distracted by the wild differences. I'd go so far as to call it disneyfied, not that it was cleaned up but that all kinds of new characters were introduces and everything was shuffled and changed. Which is fine! Just . . . should've watched the movie first, maybe.

Anyway, it's a beatiful film! As Lady Steed said, this guy is really good at making movies with minimal dialogue. Well done, sir!

And smart move keeping this at a $15 million budget. That way it could make money (barely, but there was a pandemic). Unlike a similar movie with a similar pedigree I might mention.

Amazon Prime
Jallikattu (2019)

This is an amazing movie. It takes place in an Indian/Christian/Communist village and, depending on the moment, it reminded of me of everything from Jaws to mother! to Lord of the Flies toTree of Life to The Northman to World War Z to, I don't know, Jackass?. Wow. Just . . . wow.

The film is embarrassingly rich with characters and I'm sure if I watched it again, I would be able to follow even more of their arcs. But all you really need to know is that this film is a ride you have not taken before. You have not taken this ride before. It is something new.

Get on the bull.

Among the heavy questions this purely fun film asks is when does community effort become a mob? And do we need outside forces to destroy us when we have each other?

If nothing else, I encourage you to look it up and watch the first five minutes or so just to see its brilliant and simple way to introduce its world through visuals and sound.

Amazon Prime
All the President's Men (1976)

After Lady Steed and I watched this she said that she wished she'd seen it as a teenager, that she finally understood Watergate. This time we watched it with the 15yrold and his background knowledge was even weaker so we had to help him understand some of the background that would have been inescapable for a contemporary audience. Which would swiftly make me wonder whether this movie has a future a generation from now EXCEPT he also found the movie completely compelling, riveting, entertaining, and, hey, educational.

Maybe it's the type of movie everyone should watch and then immediately watch again.

library dvd
The Post (2017)

This seemed like an appropriate followup to All the President's Men (see above) as I remmebered it being about Katherine Graham's reactions to the whole Woodward/Bernstein affair, but I was wrong. This is about the Pentagon Papers and really should have preceded the older film.

But they are a great pair! Spielberg's team captured the era excellently. Even though it's before the newer and brighter newsroom, it felt like the same place. And the little coda about the Watergate break-in feels like outtakes from the older movie.

It was wonderful watching Kay Graham find her footing and (of course) Meryl Steep makes those moments live. But it's an excellent cast all around, lots of favorite faces in roles bit, medium, and small.

(Incidentally, the complaints Times reporters made about how the Times was portrayed in the film seem to reflect a poor capacity to read movies rather than worthy complaints re accuracy. But I get that they would rather have the movie been about them.)

Previous films watched


jan feb mar apr may
jun july aug sep oct nov dec











These books are fine books


064) Night Weather by JS Absher, finished June 2

Absher is a poet I know through Irreantum (most recently) and he offered to send me his latest book. I agreed and he threw in two older books as well. This was the shortest and prettiest (and oldest) and thus the one I opened first.

The book is structured around the four seasons and is mostly haikus. So it should not surprise you that it is heavily nature-themed. And successfully so. It's a lovely book. And the few excursions into slightly aside topics blend nicely with the pastorals.

(An example haiku that is not about ice or leaves.)

My favorite poem may have been "Mackerel, Sesame, Jehosaphat," one of the longest poems in the book (the longest?) at over two pages. Black Bird creates the world in one of the best reimaginings of Genesis 1 I can recall (and I love retellings of early Genesis!).

Anyway, it's a lovely book and twelve years old, so good luck finding your own copy!

one afternoon and evening

065) Will Eisner Reader, finished June 2

Once upon a time there was a thing called Will Eisner's Quarterly. The stories in this collection first appeared there from 1985 to 1991 and show the variety and depth and irony one expects from a good Eisner tale. Can you imagine getting that in the mail? What a pleasure that would have been! I mean, at the time, I wouldn't have appreciated it, but so cool.

Anyway, this mix of stories includes gangster tales and family drama and early humans and a riff on Kafka and you name it. Pretty great. A terrific intro to the man's work—and much easier to find than the original issues.

four nights

0066) Pen Pals by Aaron Cometbus, finished June 4

I'd been attracted to Berkeley long before I moved here but even now, in my second decade in the neighborhood, I wouldn't say I understand it or have a particularly strong grasp on the depths of Berkeley's meaning.

So: Aaron Cometbus.

He's eight years older than me and grew up in Berkeley in a very Berkeley manner, hanging on out the street and worshipping leftist nutjobs. He now lives in Manhattan living the same life and he's been chronicling his lifelong obsessions since he was 13 and, I guess, still today.

Anyway, I learned about him recently having found this issue of his zine in a little free library in the hills of El Cerrito as I was wandering around with a vague idea of where a garage sale might be that my wife had driven to and had certainly abandoned by the time I left to look. I did not find her. But I found Cometbus.

Other issues can, apparently, be pretty inaccessible to outsiders, but Pen Pals is a novella-length memoir that works as a terrific entrance to his world. Honestly, if I'd picked up something handwritten or collaged, I may not have given it enough attention. I'm glad I found this one.

I should mention that, memoir though this may be, it's touch to say just how true any of it is. Among other discussions in this volume, he mentions some novels that capture Berkeley with something re recognizes as familiar, honest. But, best I can tell, there is not novel called Collective by a Joan Recht and no The Last Assyrian by an old "Assyrian." This is gravely disappointing to me.

I kinda guess they are real books, but these are not their titles and the author's identities are even more disguised than they appear.

Anyway, even though I'm not connected to Berkeley's history and depths, I do know what it's like to be part of a fringe community and to feel a compulsion to dig deeper and deeper into its history and details. The recent death of Béla Petsco has felt a great deal like Cometbus's descriptions of seeking out members of his old guard. They get old and grumpy but they appreciate the attention and there's an uncertainty as to whether it is better to give them love or let them retain their legendary untouchableness.

I'm glad we reached out though. No one should die believing they are forgotten. Maybe, someday, some young thing will reach out to you.

a few bursts over a month or two

067) I Shall Wear Midnight by Terry Pratchett, finished June 6

After Wee Free Men, the 5yrold warmed up to these books and we sped through A Hat Full of Sky and Wintersmith. We spent much longer on volume four. In large part because Tiffany is growing older (she starts the book at sixteen and, in the epilogue, is seventeen). Her interests are, naturally, diverging from a 5yrold's.

The supernatural baddie in this one is also quite terrifying. Nightmares occurred. And he seems so unstoppable—! But then, so did the Queen of Fairies and the hiver and the Wintersmith, at that. But this one seemed particularly impossible. And, at first, Tiffany's typically plain solution felt like a cheat.

But as we read the following pages after her victory, I realized there had been no cheating at all.

No one writes communities like Terry Pratchett.

The rest is what I would consider meaningful spoilers, so be warned.

In books two and three, it seemed as if Tiffany and young Roland, the baron-in-waiting, were fated to end up together. And all the reasons we thought so were reasons that seemed reasonable to them, as well. But, in the end, those were only so-so reasons. And when this book begins with them apart and Roland engaged, it's a little heartbreaking. Even though Tiffany is still just a kid and should be in no rush.

And so, that the conclusion of the monster is also Tiffany marrying the two of them together, is absolutely appropriate.

And, even more remarkably, let me tell you of a character that seems to be comedic background as the story begins. Rare is the book that captures so well how falling in love can happen while you're not looking for it at all. This is a wonderfully sweet romance and the manner in which it reaches a conclusion in Midnight choked me up and made it difficult to read.

We'll need to put a pause on starting book five as summer's a-coming and starting tomorrow the 5yrold will be with her grandparents for at least a couple weeks. But I for one am so excited.

Terry Pratchett: "The Tiffany Aching series is what I would most like to be remembered for, and I couldn't have written Tiffany Aching when I was seventeen. I just wouldn't have had the tools."

almost three months

068) Come Down Massive by Ross McKinney and Drew Grasso, finished June 10

I am astonished this is the work of two people. I'm not sure I've read a comic in which words and text are so idiosyncratically intertwined. And while it makes sense to think of them as separate things, they are just as much reliant on each other. Pages may go by without one or the other, but the whole is all the wholer therefore.

Anyway, it's a crime tale, two young kids in the 1930s scrambling across the country getting into scrapes and worse. It weaves from point of view to point of view without roadsign and we the reader must assemble this collage which lets us feel as disconnected as the kids do themselves.

The art starts and ends with images reminiscent of Lynn Ward or Frans Masereel, cuts of some kind (wood? linoleum?). But the varieties and styles of art pass through a dozen styles (by which I mean both medium and presentation and level of realism and such).

I've owned this volume for a while but every time I flipped through it I was leery of this variety, worried it would just be a mess and confused and unpleasant. I'm happy to report it was all of those things but in a wonderful way. (See some of the art here.)

one sitting

069) Pluto: Urusawa × Tezuka 001 by Naoki Urasawa et al, finished June 16

I don't remember where this came from, but I'm trying to unload some books and manga don't take long to read, so I sat down to crank it out. It's the first volume in an interesting detective story where humans and robots coexist on a nearly equal basis.

I didn't realize until I got to the stuff at the end that our lead character is a minor character in Astro Boy and this is a new take on a classic Astro Boy story, "The Greatest Robot on Earth" (or "The Greatest Robot in the World") which the legendary creator of this volume says "has been enshrined as a centerpiece in the literature of our generation."

This was only one of eight volumes, but it seemed pretty good so far!

a sitting

070) The Gadget War by Betsy Duffey, finished June 16

I'm not sure why I felt a need to read this book. I mean—it's for what, second graders? And yet I couldn't let it go before reading it.

Anyway, I guess it's good for second graders? New kid moves in, is a one-dimensional villain, they he and the protagonist are friends at the end. It doesn't really hold up to adult eyes. But I guess that's on me, for being an adult.

a sitting

Previous Posts

001) U Is for Undertow by Sue Grafton, finished January 4
002) Far Sector by N.K. Jemisin et al, finished January 7
003) Joseph Smith and the Mormons by Noah Van Sciver, finished January 7
004) The Blank Wall by Elisabeth Sanxay Holding, finished January 11
005) The Art of Perspective by Christopher Castellani, finished January 11
006) Bad Kitty Goes on Vacation by Nick Bruel, finished January 12
007) Remina by Junji Ito, finished January 15
008) The Tea Dragon Society by Katie O'Neill, finished January 15
009) The Tea Dragon Festival here by Katie O'Neill, finished January 15
010) A Hat Full of Sky by Terry Pratchett, finished January 18
011) Diana: Princess of the Amazons by Shannon & Dean Hale and Victoria Ying, finished January 26

012) Just Julie's Fine by Theric Jepson, finished January 28
013) The Art of Description by Mark Doty, finished January 28
014) Green Lantern: Legacy by Minh Lê and Andie Tong, finished February 5
015) Serious Concerns by Wendy Cope, finished January 9
016) The Art of Mystery by Maud Casey, finished February 11
017) The Art of Bible Translation by Robert Alter, finished February 13
018) No Longer Human by Junji Ito, finished February 15

019) Zatanna and the House of Secrets by Matthew Cody and Yoshi Yoshitani, finished Febraury 17
020) Fuzz by Mary Roach, finished February 19
021) Deserter: Junji Ito Story Collection by Junji Ito, finished February 25
022) You May Already Be a Winner by Ann Dee Ellis, finished March 4
023) Audience-ology by Kevin Goetz, finished March 4
024) The Writing Life by Annie Dillard, finished March 7

025) Wintersmith by Terry Pratchett, finished March 8
026) The Croquet Player by H. G. Wells, finished March 11
027) Lost States: True Stories of Texlahoma, Transylvania, and Other States That Never Made It by Michael J. Trinklein, finished March 12
028) Nightwing: Leaping into the Light by Bruno Redondo and Tom Taylor, finished March 13
029) Batman: The Court of Owls by Scott Snyder and Greg Capullo and Jonathan Glapion, finished date
030) Invisible Ink: My Mother's Secret Love Affair with a Famous Cartoonist by author, finished date
031) Ghosts of Vader's Castle by a slew of folks, finished March 15
032) The Flintstones Volume 1 by Mark Russell and Steve Pugh, finished March 16
033) The Flintstones Volume 2 by Mark Russell and Steve Pugh, finished March 16
034) The Jetsons by Palmiotti/Brito/Sinclair, finished March 16
035) Exit Stage Left: The Snagglepuss Chronicles by Mark Russell and Mike Feehan, finished March 18
036) Ballad for Sophie by Filipe Melo and Juan Cavia, finished March 19

You tell me whether it's garbage-in or not

037) Bride of the Far Side by Gary Larson, finished March 23
038) Batman: Night of the Owls by the entire DC bullpen, finished March 23
039) The Westing Game by Ellen Raskin, finished March 25
040) The Pocket Book of Ogden Nash, finished March 25
041) Slaugherhouse-Five or the Children's Crusade: a Duty Dance with Death by Kurt Vonnegut / Ryan North / Albert Monteys, finished March 28
042) The Fox and the Star by Coralie Bickford-Smith, finished March 28
043) Jem by Frederik Pohl, finished March 31
044) The Mundane Adventures of Dishman by John MacLeod, finished March 31
045) Because Sometimes You Just Gotta Draw a Cover with Your Left Hand by Stephan Pastis, finished April 4

Books: extralong edition

046) Patsy Walker, A.K.A. Hellcat! Vol. 1: Hooked On A Feline by Leth/Williams/Allegri, finished April 9
047) The Hatred of Poetry by Ben Lerner, finished April 11
048) Weird Al: The Book by Nathan Rabin with Al Yankovic, finished April 11
049) My Year of Flops by Nathan Rabin, finished April 16
050) The Uncommon Reader by Alan Bennet, finished April 19
051) Beast of Burden: Occupied Territory by Dorkin & Dyer & Dewey & Piekos, finished April 16
052) Building a Better Life by Stealing Office Supplies: Dogbert's Big Book of Business by Scott Adams, finished April 22
053) On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century by Timothy Snyder, finished April 27
054) Salt Magic by Hope Larson and Rebecca Mock, finished May 5
055) Star Wars Adventures: The Weapon of a Jedi, finished May 6
056) Hemingway in Paradise and Other Mormon Poems by Scott Hales, finished May 8
057) Romeo and Juliet: The War by a team assembled by Stan Lee, finished May 10
058) The Dark Horse Book of the Dead edited by Scott Allie, finished May 14
059) A Little Lower than the Angels by Virginia Sorensen, finished May 15

060) Irredeemable by Mark Waid, et al., finished May 20
061) Stanslaw Lev's The Seventh Voyage by Jon J Muth, finished May 23
062) Sir Gawain and the Green Knight translated by Simon Armitage, finished May 28
063) Heike's Void by Stephen L. Peck, finished May 30

final posts in this series from
  2007 = 2008 = 2009 = 2010 = 2011 = 2012 = 2013
2014 = 2015 = 2016 = 2017 = 2018 = 2019 = 2020 = 2021